What Are Cannabis Concentrates 101?
Cannabis concentrates are a concentrated form of the plant which is smoked or ingested. The main attraction of Cannabis concentrates is that they give the consumer a higher dose of THC and/or CBD, which can positively affect one’s health. In addition, Cannabis concentrates contain other components such as terpenes and flavonoids that also have therapeutic properties for the human body.
The growing demand for these products has led to a boom in their production and use in various industries worldwide, such as legal Marijuana dispensaries or Medical Cannabis Clinics (also known as “Medical Marijuana Dispensaries”). These businesses require an efficient way to produce and provide the consumer with a superior, medical-grade end product”.
Cannabis concentrate is a prevalent form of Cannabis for recreational, medicinal, and industrial purposes. It has also become a significant focus of the Cannabis industry.
What Is Weed Distillate?
Cannabis Distillate is a plant-based distillate that is either smoked or vaporized. It gives the user a more potent and intense high.
The Cannabis distillate or Cannabis concentrate is a concentrated form of the Cannabis plant that is often used for recreational use. Distillate is usually made from more expensive plants such as Marijuana Sativa, Marijuana Indica, or Hemp.
It can also contain terpenes, flavonoids, tannins, and Cannabinoids. Some of the main components found in Cannabis Sativa L.? THC and CBD in distillate depend on which part of the plant it comes from – flower, stems, or leaves. THC levels vary from 1 to 25%.
Benefits Of Weed Distillate
Distillate is a form of Cannabis oil that you can use in many ways. It can be used as a carrier for other Cannabinoid-like compounds. For example, it is the carrier for THC (tetrahydrocannabinol or Marijuana’s psychoactive ingredient). It also has therapeutic benefits since the molecules from which distillates are derived have anti-inflammatory properties.
Drawbacks Of Cannabis Distillate
Cannabis Distillate can be a THC-rich product that needs to be used with discretion and caution. It can have serious side effects, such as paranoia and anxiety.
What Is Cannabis Extract?
Extraction refers to converting target molecules in cannabis raw material into a usable form. The process removes the unwanted substances from the plant and is used for various purposes such as producing oils, tinctures, edibles, concentrates, and vape pens.
Cannabis extraction is an essential step in the process of making these products. There are many different extraction methods that you can use to extract various substances from cannabis plants.
The most common types of extraction processes are solvent-based extraction and CO2 extraction. Solvent-based extracts are made by dissolving cannabinoids in a solvent like butane or ethanol and then evaporating the solvent to create concentrated oil or wax products. CO2 extracts involve using compressed carbon dioxide to dissolve cannabinoids from plant matter.
Cannabis Concentrates 101 Extraction Methods
There are two basic types of extraction processes: solvent-based or solventless extraction (the most commonly used). Each method has its advantages and disadvantages, so it’s good to learn about them before investing in any particular method.
The Five Main Extraction Methods Are;
Cannabis Concentrates 101 Cold-Press Cannabis Extraction
Cold-pressing is a process that extracts oils from plant material by pressing and grinding. The process of cold-pressing cannabis occurs at low temperatures. There is no risk of burning or destroying the cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds found in the plant material.
Cold-pressing cannabis has preserves more of the natural oils and nutrients found in the plant than other methods like butane extraction. Cold-pressing can be a good thing for those who want to use cannabis for medicinal purposes as it may provide more therapeutic benefits than other methods.
Cannabis Concentrates 101 High-Pressure Cannabis Extraction
Pressure and heat are used to extract the cannabis components from the plant matrix.
This process passes carbon dioxide through a chamber containing the cannabis plant material.
The pressure and heat cause the liquid to evaporate, leaving behind oils and waxes, which you can extract with a solvent like butane or hexane.
Cannabis Concentrates 101 Solvent Extraction
Solvent Cannabis Extraction is the process of extracting cannabinoids from the cannabis plant. The most popular solvents for cannabis extractions are butane and propane.
Propane is a hydrocarbon gas that is colorless, odorless, and non-flammable. On the other hand,
Butane is a hydrocarbon gas with a sweet smell and can evaporate quickly if not stored properly.
Butane extraction often uses pressurized liquid butane heated to create a vapor that extracts the cannabinoids from the plant material. Propane extraction often uses pressurized liquid propane to create vapor or gas that extracts cannabinoid content from the plant material.
Cannabis Concentrates 101 Alcohol Extraction
Alcohol extraction is a process for extracting cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant. Ethanol is mixed with the cannabis plant to remove these compounds, and ethanol is a polar solvent that can dissolve water-soluble and lipid-soluble substances.
You can break down the alcohol extraction process into two steps: maceration and evaporation. In the first step, ethanol is mixed with cannabis material to break down the lipids on its surface. The mixture then sits for approximately 12 hours before being filtered out of any leftover plant material. The ethanol then evaporates from this mixture, leaving behind a waxy residue containing cannabinoids and terpenes.
Cannabis Concentrates 101 Enzymatic Extraction Fractionation
Enzymatic cannabis extraction fractionation is a process that breaks down the cellulose and hemicellulose that make up the cell walls of plants. The process involves using enzymes to break down these plant fibers. The extractions are then fractionated into different components depending on their weight, polarity, and solubility.
Solvent-Based Cannabis Concentrates vs. Solventless Cannabis Concentrates
Solvent-based cannabis concentrates are the most common and well-known form of cannabis concentrates. They are produced by extracting the resin from the plant material with a solvent, such as butane or CO2. Then they undergo a process called purification to remove any residual solvents from them.
Solventless extracts are resin concentrates produced without the aid of chemical solvents. Instead, these concentrates are extracted from plant material with heat and pressure.
Types Of Concentrated Cannabis
Water hash is a type of concentrated cannabis that is made by dissolving the cannabis in water and then filtering it. There are many different forms of water hash, each with a different consistency. Water hash is usually made using ice water, but some people also use cold or hot tap water.
The consistency of the final product depends on the temperature used to dissolve the cannabis and how long it takes to filter out all of the plant matter. For example, bubble hash is usually denser than ice wax because it has been filtered at a lower temperature for longer.
Shatter is a cannabis concentrate named for its hard, glass-like consistency that tends to crack, or shatter when broken. It is made by extracting the essential oils from cannabis using a solvent like butane or CO2. After extraction, the leftover plant matter is purged of any residual solvents.
The type of solvent used in the extraction process determines the consistency and color of the final product. Shatter typically has a light amber color and a transparent appearance once it has been purged. You can consume it by heating it until it liquefies, inhaling the vapors, dabbing it on a heated surface for inhalation, or adding it to food or drinks for oral consumption.
Live resin is a type of cannabis concentrate created with fresh frozen cannabis. This process preserves the terpenes and cannabinoids lost in the drying process. The extraction method for live resin is different from other concentrates because it uses fresh frozen buds instead of dried flowers or leaves.
Live resin is the most potent type of cannabis concentrate because it contains all the terpenes and cannabinoids found in the original plant, which means that the consumer gets the most potent experience.
Live resin can be made using a variety of extraction processes, but most live resins are created using a CO2 extraction process.
You can make live resin from any strain or variety of cannabis. Still, many people prefer to use indica strains for this extraction process because they contain more terpenes and cannabinoids than other types.
Rick Simpson Oil (RSO)
Rick Simpson created Rick Simpson Oil to extract the healing properties of the cannabis plant without the adverse side effects of smoking it.
Rick Simpson Oil, or RSO, is a cannabis concentrate that you can use for many different medical benefits. Rick Simpson made it famous and cured his cancer with this oil. Making RSO is not complicated and can be done with some basic items in your kitchen.
Rosin is a concentrate made by applying heat and pressure to the marijuana flower. This process squeezes out a translucent resin that can be smoked or vaporized.
Rosin is becoming a more popular way to consume cannabis because it has become easier to make, and the product retains more of the plant’s original flavors and effects. Making rosin is very similar to pressing grapes for wine, but instead of using fruit, it uses heated pressure from industrial machines.
Cannabis Crumble Wax
Crumble wax is a cannabis extract identified by its honeycomb texture that falls apart. It is typically made by extracting oils from cannabis using a solvent like butane, CO2, or ethanol.
Crumble wax is one of the most potent concentrates on the market today, with THC levels reaching up to 90%. This high potency makes it popular among those looking for a quick and intense high.
Cannabis Crystalline is a cannabis concentrate that comes in a solid-state. It is also referred to as crystals, THC crystals, or diamonds. These are made by extracting the oils from the cannabis plant and then filtering out any impurities. This process results in a pure and potent product for people who want to use it medicinally or recreationally.
To produce this type of crystalline, you will need some form of solvent to extract the oils from the plant material and then evaporate off any residual solvents that may be remaining. The most common solvents used are butane, propane, or CO2 (carbon dioxide).
Cannabis Sugar Wax
Sugar wax is a concentrate that is very similar to shatter. It is created using the same extraction method, and also has a wide variety of applications.
Making sugar wax starts with trimming the cannabis plant and then grinding it up into small pieces. The next step is to put the ground up cannabis into a solvent, such as butane or carbon dioxide, which extracts all cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant material. The solvent is then evaporated off, leaving behind a sticky substance that can be heated on a skillet or in an oven to create sugar wax.
You can use sugar wax for dabbing, vaporizing, or adding it to food recipes for an extra kick of flavor and potency.
Cannabis Concentrate Dabbing Temperature Guide
Dabbing is a popular cannabis consumption method. It is done by heating a small amount of cannabis concentrate on a hot surface and inhaling the released vapor.
The temperature you use to dab will depend on the type of material you are using, the type of concentrate, and how much vapor you want to consume.
Concentrate Certificates of Analysis
Many of the Cannabis products available on the market are only as good as the certificate of analysis.
The Cannabis Concentrate Certificates of Analysis (CCCAN), approved by the Food and Drug Administration, allows researchers to build up a robust knowledge base to support further research into potential uses for Cannabis. CCCAN’s also enabled producers to differentiate their products from competitors.
FAQ Cannabis Concentrates 101
How Are Cannabis Concentrates Used?
Cannabis concentrates can be smoked, vaporized, or ingested orally.
The most common way to use cannabis concentrates is by smoking them in a joint or pipe. Vaporizing is another popular way to consume cannabis concentrates because it doesn’t produce any smoke, and it’s healthier than smoking. You can also eat cannabis concentrates by adding them to food or drinks like coffee, tea, and smoothies.
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are aromatic molecules that are found in the Cannabis plant. They are responsible for the terpene profile and the smell of Cannabis. Cannabis terpenes have various chemistry, biology, and medical applications, including insecticides, anti-inflammatory agents, and antiseptics.
What Are Common Solvents For Marijuana Extracts?
Common Solvents used to extract Marijuana include;
Acetone (also known as “Butane” or “Propane”)
Potassium hydroxide (KOH)
What Is A Dabber?
A dabber is a device that vaporizes concentrated Cannabis using heat, clean water, and CO2 cartridges.